Ingrown toenails are caused by impingement of the skin along the margins of the nail by the nail plate.The ingrown toenail can also apply pressure in the nail fold area without penetrating the skin – this is not technically an ingrown toe nail, but can also be painful (a corn/callus is also common down the side of the nail and is a reaction to this pressure, rather than the nail actually penetrating the skin.
The most common causes of Ingrown Toe nails are :
• Improper trimming of toenails.
• Trauma to the nail plate or toe.
*Bandage the toe.
If the ingrown nail is severe, or if conservative care is difficult, or if the ingrown toenail does not respond well to conservative care, then minor surgical intervention is a good option. An infected ingrown nail requires prompt professional attention.
• Avoid tight fitting foot wear.
• Using a safety nail clipper, cut the nails straight across, so that the nail corner is visible.
• Loss of nail plate from infection or inflammation of the nail bed.
What Is an Ingrown Toenail?
When a toenail is ingrown, it is curved and grows into the skin, usually at the nail borders (the sides of the nail). Causes of ingrown toenails include.
The most common cause of ingrown toenails is cutting your nails too short. This encourages the skin next to the nail to fold over the nail.
Nail Conditions. Ingrown toenails can be caused by nail problems, such as fungal infections or losing a nail due to trauma.
Some nails may become ingrown again, requiring removal of the nail root.