Ingrown toenails are one the more common foot problems treated by the Podiatrist. Ingrown toenails are caused by impingement of the skin along the margins of the nail by the nail plate.The ingrown toenail can also apply pressure in the nail fold area without penetrating the skin – this is not technically an ingrown toe nail, but can also be painful (a corn/callus is also common down the side of the nail and is a reaction to this pressure, rather than the nail actually penetrating the skin).
When a toenail is ingrown, the sides or corners of the nail curl down and dig into the skin, causing swelling, pain and redness. toenails, the major causes are shoes that don’t fit well and improperly trimmed nails.
The most common causes of Ingrown Toe nails are:
* Improper trimming of toenails.
* Trauma to the nail plate or toe.
* An infected ingrown nail requires prompt professional attention.
* Avoid tight fitting foot wear.
* Using a safety nail clipper, cut the nails straight across, so that the nail corner is visible.
* Loss of nail plate from infection or inflammation of the nail bed.
An ingrown toenail occurs when the edge of your toenail grows down and cuts into the surrounding skin. Ingrown toenails can occur on just one, or both, sides of your toe.
If your shoes are too tight they can force the skin surrounding your toenail against the nail.
* Cutting your toenails incorrectly.
* Fungal nail infections. Fungal nail infections can thicken and distort your toenails.
* If you have inherited fan-shaped nails, you’re more likely to get an ingrown toenail.
You may also have your nail bed (the cells from which your nail starts growing) removed. This will stop the edge of your nail re-growing and growing back into your skin. To prevent an ingrown toenail, cut your nails straight across rather than as a curve with short edges. Use clean, sharp nail trimmers. Your nail edge should extend past the flesh of your toe.